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What's new:.

Some of my objects are now exhibited in my new virtual "Tensegrity Gallery". Please stop by - free entry!
(Dec. 5,2022)

Further update of the "Structures" page: much nicer textures, two additional objects.
(Jan. 19,2022)

Update of the "Structures" page: the 3D model display revised to use the WebXR standard. So viewing with VR headsets and recent browsers is possible, for a true 3D experience.
(Jan. 15,2022)

Major updates under the hood of the "Structures" menu: removed Java applet (as most browsers make you jump through hoops to activate it) and replaced by JavaScript. Interactive manipulation of objects is currently not possible any more (planned for a future release). However, you can now display in full screen and even use VR headsets like Google Daydream, Samsung Gear VR, HTC Vive, Oculus Quest, and others to see the 3D models in virtual reality. The Java application is still available in the Downloads section.
(Jan. 5,2018)

references page updated.
(Jan. 4, 2016)

Updated web site structure including new references page.
(Jan. 4, 2016)

New pictures: standard and
3D anaglyphs
(Oct. 5, 2010)

XOZZOX presented at RTTEXcite (May 6-7, 2010)

A downloads section
(Oct 4, 2009)

This page went first online in March of 2008.

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Tensegrity structures are objects in which solid struts are linked by cords or cables. The tension of the cords is taken up by the struts which counteract the compressional force exerted by the cords. The structure takes on a shape in which all the forces are balanced. The artist Kenneth Snelson was the first to elaborate the concept since the end of the 1940's. The term Tensegrity was coined by the architect Buckminster Fuller.

Tensegrity concepts and structures have applications in

  • architecture (e.g. bridges, domes),
  • mechanical engineering (e.g. foldable support structures, actuators),
  • biology, pharmaceuticals, and healthcare (e.g. structural stability of cells, prosthetics), and
  • art (sculptures).
Our customers come from most of these areas.

XOZZOX Design and Consulting Services support you in constructing, optimizing, and building tensegrity structures. This includes structure definition, form finding (taking into account the influence of gravity and realistic modelling of strut-cord joints), custom interactive visualizations, etc.

We create virtual models and physical Tensegrity Objects using a diverse range of materials for struts and cords.

Please contact us at mail address

Some selected links related to tensegrity:

A good introductory source on tensegrities, including additional links, is the Wikipedia entry "Tensegrity" .

Visiting Kenneth Snelsons Home Page is a must.

The blog of Landolf Rhode-Barbarigos contains interesting observations, photos, and links mainly related to tensegrities in architecture. The "P.M.S.R-B Bridge" object in my tensegrtiy applet is the object of his Ph.D. thesis.

Another essential resource is Bob Burkhardts online book "A Practical Guide to Tensegrity Design". His "Synergetics Gallery" provides a wealth of examples.

For the more mathematically inclined, the work of Bob Terrel and Bob Conelly of Cornell University, analysing highly symmetric tensegrity stuctures, may be of interest.

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